Proof Mohammad was not Illiterate
Paul Marcel-Rene He was able to run the businesses of the wife he married for her money, power and position. Someone illiterate would nothave been able to do so. Also, he’d not be able to verify everything he recited was correctly written into the qu’ran. In addition, he had studied the scriptures with his uncle prior to his visitation in the cave.
Paul Marcel-Rene All you have to do is look at his trade. He was a trader, a merchant, and a caravan runner. All of these involved the use of contracts, written contracts.
Now even though the area was not under direct control of the Eastern Roman Empire, its trade and business communities were influenced by what was going on in the ERE. Justinian’s Code was well established law there in Mohammad’s time. The written contract was and is a key article within the Justinian legal system (the system presently in place in Continental Europe). Without a written contract, you didn’t do business in the ERE. And Arab traders who did business in the ERE expected other traders to use written contracts as well, even if those other traders did not do business in the ERE.
Since Mohammad was born into a family of merchants, he was born into a home where the adult males would have at least had fundamental reading and writing skills. As the future heir to the family business, he would have been taught thses skills,, since they were essential to his family’s business. If he couldn’t read, he would have been unable to fulfill his role in the family.
One thing we do have to keep in mind is that, while he was not highly educated, he was extremely intelligent. History is full of people who were successful because they were highly intelligent, though only modestly educated. Abraham Lincoln comes readily to mind. He would also have had a fairly cosmopolitan social upbringing. As a traveling merchant, Mohammad would have been exposed to people of differing races, languages, and religions.
These hadiths includes accounts of Muhammad writing.Narrated Anas bin Malik:
Once the Prophet wrote a letter or had an idea of writing a letter. The Prophet was told that they (rulers) would not read letters unless they were sealed. So the Prophet got a silver ring made with “Muhammad Allah’s Apostle” engraved on it. As if I were just observing its white glitter in the hand of the Prophet… (Sahih al-Bukhari, Volume 1, Book 3, Number 65)
The Prophet wrote the (marriage contract) with ‘Aisha while she was six years old and consummated his marriage with her while she was nine years old and she remained with him for nine years (i.e. till his death). (Sahih al-Bukhari, Volume 7, Book 62, Number 88)
Narrated ‘Ubaidullah bin ‘Abdullah:
Ibn ‘Abbas said, “When the ailment of the Prophet became worse, he said, ‘Bring for me (writing) paper and I will write for you a statement after which you will not go astray.’ But ‘Umar said, ‘The Prophet is seriously ill, and we have got Allah’s Book with us and that is sufficient for us.’ But the companions of the Prophet differed about this and there was a hue and cry. On that the Prophet said to them, ‘Go away (and leave me alone). It is not right that you should quarrel in front of me.” Ibn ‘Abbas came out saying, “”It was most unfortunate (a great disaster) that Allah’s Apostle was prevented from writing that statement for them because of their disagreement and noise. (Sahih al-Bukhari, Volume 1, Book 3, Number 114)
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