Thoughts and Truth from the Impossible Life

Proof Mohammad was not Illiterate

 

  • Paul Marcel-Rene He was able to run the businesses of the wife he married for her money, power and position. Someone illiterate would nothave been able to do so. Also, he’d not be able to verify everything he recited was correctly written into the qu’ran. In addition, he had studied the scriptures with his uncle prior to his visitation in the cave.
  • Paul Marcel-Rene All you have to do is look at his trade. He was a trader, a merchant, and a caravan runner. All of these involved the use of contracts, written contracts.

    Now even though the area was not under direct control of the Eastern Roman Empire, its trade and business communities were influenced by what was going on in the ERE. Justinian’s Code was well established law there in Mohammad’s time. The written contract was and is a key article within the Justinian legal system (the system presently in place in Continental Europe). Without a written contract, you didn’t do business in the ERE. And Arab traders who did business in the ERE expected other traders to use written contracts as well, even if those other traders did not do business in the ERE.

    Since Mohammad was born into a family of merchants, he was born into a home where the adult males would have at least had fundamental reading and writing skills. As the future heir to the family business, he would have been taught thses skills,, since they were essential to his family’s business. If he couldn’t read, he would have been unable to fulfill his role in the family.

    One thing we do have to keep in mind is that, while he was not highly educated, he was extremely intelligent. History is full of people who were successful because they were highly intelligent, though only modestly educated. Abraham Lincoln comes readily to mind. He would also have had a fairly cosmopolitan social upbringing. As a traveling merchant, Mohammad would have been exposed to people of differing races, languages, and religions.

  • Paul Marcel-Rene

    Conquests of Prophet Muhammad and the Rashidun...

    Conquests of Muhammad and the Rashidun Caliphate, 630-641

    These hadiths includes accounts of Muhammad writing.

    Narrated Anas bin Malik:
    Once the Prophet wrote a letter or had an idea of writing a letter. The Prophet was told that they (rulers) would not read letters unless they were sealed. So the Prophet got a silver ring made with “Muhammad Allah’s Apostle” engraved on it. As if I were just observing its white glitter in the hand of the Prophet… (Sahih al-Bukhari, Volume 1, Book 3, Number 65)

    Narrated ‘Ursa:
    The Prophet wrote the (marriage contract) with ‘Aisha while she was six years old and consummated his marriage with her while she was nine years old and she remained with him for nine years (i.e. till his death). (Sahih al-Bukhari, Volume 7, Book 62, Number 88)

    Narrated ‘Ubaidullah bin ‘Abdullah:
    Ibn ‘Abbas said, “When the ailment of the Prophet became worse, he said, ‘Bring for me (writing) paper and I will write for you a statement after which you will not go astray.’ But ‘Umar said, ‘The Prophet is seriously ill, and we have got Allah’s Book with us and that is sufficient for us.’ But the companions of the Prophet differed about this and there was a hue and cry. On that the Prophet said to them, ‘Go away (and leave me alone). It is not right that you should quarrel in front of me.” Ibn ‘Abbas came out saying, “”It was most unfortunate (a great disaster) that Allah’s Apostle was prevented from writing that statement for them because of their disagreement and noise. (Sahih al-Bukhari, Volume 1, Book 3, Number 114)

August 12, 2012 Posted by | Understanding Islam | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 3 Comments

Mohammad confesses he was a sinner

“Oh God, I acknowledge and confess before You, all my sins, please forgive them, as no one can forgive sins except You. Forgive my mistakes, those done intentionally, or out of my ignorance, with or without seriousness. Oh God, forgive my sins and my ignorance, forgive my sins of the past and of the future, which I did openly or secretly. Forgive the wrong I have done, jokingly or seriously. I seek Your protection from all the evil I have done. Wash away my sins, and cleanse my heart, from all the sins as a white garment is cleansed from the filth, and let there be long distance between me and my sins, as You made the East and West far from each other.”

Sahih Bukhari Volume 8: #s 335, 379, 407, and 408, [1].

Muhammad knew clearly he was a sinner; thus he makes his confession public. Over and over again he stated he was a sinner. The Quran he spoke identifies him as a sinner. Yet many Muslims today say that Muhammad was not a sinner.

 

May 29, 2012 Posted by | Understanding Islam | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Importance of Sex In Islam

Importance of Sex In Islam

[Note:- This article was first published in Faith Freedom, on Dec 8th, 2004]

If we talk about the subjects Quran narrated the most, certainly sex is one of them. I would like to explain my point of view and of course would appreciate comments from people all around. In this exercise, may be I am able to get answers or explanation of my point of view. I shall be grateful if somebody (Muslim) proves me wrong and makes me understand the true message/lesson of the following teachings/principles relating to sex. But if the Muslims don’t answer me, it’s my request to them to ponder with a neutral and logical sense.

 

Four Wives At A Time

 

First of all, I discuss the subject of “permission for having four wives”.  I fail to find out any positive aspect of this thing. Being a dweller of the same planet earth where Islam came into being 1400 years ago, I do know a little bit about human instincts, nature, behavior, etc.

 

I claim that a husband, does not matter what country or continent he comes from,  can never think or bear his wife’s sexual relations with some one else. It happens because of the possessive instinct/behavior of the human beings which equally exists in both the genders. Therefore, my question is, that how can a woman think or bear her husband’s sexual relations with some one else?

 

In addition, if we talk about sexual desire of the human beings, both the sexes are even. Just imagine the situation that a man having four wives fulfills his sexual desire of four times with four wives. How can each of the four wives satisfy their sexual desire of four times? Does it not look unnatural, illogical and discriminatory and violation of women’s rights?

 

It is a fact that sex is one of the primary instincts of human beings (male, female). It has been given so much importance but all with irrationality. I think it objectionable for two reasons. One—A large number of verses revealed wrongfully (ignoring women’s rights) in favor of sexual lust of male Muslims?  Whereas, lot of other important matters including religious tolerance, peace, equality, justice etc. are discussed with less or little emphasis. Two—there are millions of couples all over the world who married and spent whole life with each other. It is not understandable that why Muslim shave been permitted to marry as many as four women simultaneously and can keep countless maids with rightful permission to have sexual intercourse.

 

My Analysis:  What I understand there are two main reasons behind the permission to have four wives and countless female captives (maids) in Islam:

(i)— obviously, for the sexual lust of men and to attract more and more people (men) to accept Islam. I would say that this was a kind of bribe offered to the men of a society which was male dominated.

(ii)— To produce more and more children to maximize the strength of Muslims in a short span of time.

 

No one can deny that sex is one of the primary instincts and I think this can be done with just one wife, which is more feasible, logical, economical and based on equality. As I have stated above there are millions of couples around the world living happily and satisfactorily with regard to sex.            Although, in this way, the Muslims have been able to increase themselves in numbers, yet they failed to establish themselves as good human beings and beneficial to others. Muslims could not visualize the bad impact of this rapid birth rate. Today, most of the problems like, social, health, education etc. are because of the growing population.

 

 

Uncontrollable Sexual Desire of a Prophet

 

Muhammad being a prophet should have been a role model for the Muslims in all respect including sex. But it is astonishing that he could not control his sexual desire and married to nine women, many more than a common Muslim. He was also allowed to keep countless maids. See the following Quranic verse Muhammad told his followers to justify his marriages and keeping of maid captives.

 

“O Prophet! We have made lawful to you the wives to whom you have given their dowers; and those ladies whom your right hands possess (from the prisoners of war) whom Allah has assigned to you; and the daughters of your paternal uncles and aunts, and the daughters of your maternal uncles and aunts, who have migrated with you; and the believing woman who gave herself to the Prophet if the Prophet desires to marry her – this permission is only for you and not for the other believers; we know what restrictions We have imposed on the other believers concerning their wives and those whom their right hands possess. We have granted you this privilege as an exception so that no blame may be attached to you. Allah is Forgiving, Merciful”. (Quran 33:50)

 

Marriage with 9-Year Old Aisha

 

Furthermore, his marriage with Aisha seems to be very funny when he was 53 and she was 9.

 

Sahih Bukhari (8.151)

Narrated Aisha:

“I used to play with the dolls in the presence of the Prophet, and my girl friends also used to play with me. When Allah’s Apostle used to enter (my dwelling place) they used to hide themselves, but the Prophet would call them to join and play with me”. (The playing with the dolls and similar images is forbidden, but it was allowed for ‘Aisha at that time, as she was a little girl, not yet reached the age of puberty.)


Sahih Bukhari (5.234)

Narrated Aisha:

The Prophet engaged me when I was a girl of six (years). We went to Medina and stayed at the home of Bani-al-Harith bin Khazraj. Then I got ill and my hair fell down. Later on my hair grew (again) and my mother, Um Ruman, came to me while I was playing in a swing with some of my girl friends. She called me, and I went to her, not knowing what she wanted to do to me. She caught me by the hand and made me stand at the door of the house. I was breathless then, and when my breathing became all right, she took some water and rubbed my face and head with it. Then she took me into the house. There in the house I saw some Ansari women who said, “Best wishes and Allah’s Blessing and a good luck.” Then she entrusted me to them and they prepared me (for the marriage). Unexpectedly Allah’s Apostle came to me in the forenoon and my mother handed me over to him, and at that time I was a girl of nine years of age.

 

Sahih Bukhari (9.140)

Narrated ‘Aisha:

“Allah’s Apostle said to me, “You were shown to me twice (in my dream) before I married you. I saw an angel carrying you in a silken piece of cloth, and I said to him, ‘Uncover (her),’ and behold, it was you. I said (to myself), ‘If this is from Allah, then it must happen.’ Then you were shown to me, the angel carrying you in a silken piece of cloth, and I said (to him), ‘Uncover (her), and behold, it was you. I said (to myself), ‘If this is from Allah, then it must happen.”

 

Is this not something shameful for Muslims to narrate that their Prophet married a 9 year old little girl when he was 53 years of age? Is there any logic to marry a minor? Can Muslims give just one example that any of them married his 9 years old daughter to a man of fifty plus. Is it medically right to marry a minor girl, before she reaches the age of puberty? It is absolutely immoral, uncivilized and unethical.

 

Muhammad’s marriage with his adopted son’s wife

 

Zaid Ibn Harith  was Muhammad’s adopted son. Zaid married with Zainab Bint Jahsh. Zainab was a very pretty woman. Muhammad could not refrain from his desire to marry her. Zaid, somehow or the other came to know the intention of Muhammad and divorced Zainab. After he divorced her, Muhammad told his followers about the revealation of the following verse to justfy his unethical, immoral and an ashamed action of marrying his adopted son’s wife:

 

Quran (33:37)

“O Prophet, remember when you said to the one (Zaid, Prophet’s adopted son) whom Allah as well as you had favored: “Keep your wife in wedlock and fear Allah”. You sought to hide in your heart what Allah intended to reveal; you were afraid of the people whereas it would have been more appropriate to fear Allah. So when Zaid divorced his wife, we gave her to you in marriage, so that there remains no hindrance for the believers to wed the wives of their adopted sons if they divorced them. And Allah’s Command had to be carried out.”

 

In my opinion no one can even think of such an action when one is already enjoying company of more than one wife. Firstly, to justify his marriage Muhammad brought the following sura to declare the status of adopted son:

 

Quran(33:4)

“God did not make your adopted son as your own sons. To declare them so is your empty claim. God’s word is righteous and constitutes true guidance.”

 

Secondly, this episode gives a message to the adopted sons all over the world not to trust their fathers with regard to their wives. Is this not a matter for the Muslims to be ashamed of?

 

After going through the above paragraphs, at least I am unable to comprehend the positive message of Muhammad’s nine marriages, his keeping of countless maids, marriage with a 9-year old minor girl and marriage with his adopted son’s wife. It should have been a matter of proud for the Muslims if Islamic history was full of stories of Muhammad’s patience, self-control and sexual disinterest.

 

For Muslims, each and every word of Quran is a lesson to follow. I ask the Muslims do they still need the following suras and many more alike to follow, which describe/justify/forbid:

 

  • Muhammad’s marriage with his adopted son’s wife. (Quran 33:37)
  • Muslims cannot marry Muhammad’s wives (Quran 33:53).
  • Permission to Muhammad to marry as many as women as he can (Quran 33:50)
  • Do not enter in to the house of Prophet without his permission (Quran 33:53)

 

According to Muslims Quran was revealed for the guidance of the people of Muhammad’s time and for the people to come hundreds of thousands of years later. Revelation of the above said suras has no impact in today’s life because there is no Muhammad, his adopted son and his wife and Muhammad widows. There are no more wives of Muhammad. Muhammad is not there to marry as many as women as he can. What I understand is that these are the suras which do not have anything to guide the people of present time. These suras ware revealed for that specific time. Therefore, if Muslims claim that Quran, as a whole, has been a source of guidance for them, I believe, is wrong.

 

May 21, 2012 Posted by | Societal / Cultural Issues, Understanding Islam | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 4 Comments

Why do muslims not follow the admonishment regarding anger

Narrated AbuDharr:

The Apostle of Allah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said to us: When one of you becomes angry while standing, he should sit down. If the anger leaves him, well and good; otherwise he should lie down.
Reference
: Sunan Abi Dawud 4782

In-book reference
: Book 43, Hadith 10

English translation
: Book 41, Hadith 4764(Sunan Abi Dawud)

 

Now if this was followed there would be a whole lot less violence since no muslim would be able to start a fight sitting or lying down. Lets hope this gets followed more.

Allah in stone in Rohtas Fort, District Jhelum...

Allah in stone in Rohtas Fort, District Jhelum, Punjab, Pakistan

May 14, 2012 Posted by | Politics/Government/Freedom, Societal / Cultural Issues, Understanding Islam | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Five Things About Muhammad

 

Muslims trust Muhammad as the last and final prophet and believe the revelation he received to be the literal word of God. As God’s supposed final messenger and prophet, we should expect him to adhere to certain standards and possess qualities that previous prophets exhibited. What does Islam tell us about Muhammad?

1. Muhammad did NOT know if he would go to heaven after death!

Narrated Kharija bin Zaid bin Thabit:
Um Al-‘Ala’, an Ansari woman who gave the pledge of allegiance to the Prophet said to me, “The emigrants were distributed amongst us by drawing lots and we got in our share ‘Uthman bin Maz’un. We made him stay with us in our house. Then he suffered from a disease which proved fatal when he diedand was given a bath and was shrouded in his clothes, Allah‘s Apostle came I said, ‘May Allah be merciful to you, O Abu As- Sa’ib! I testify that Allah has honored you’. The Prophet said, ‘How do you know that Allah has honored him?’ I replied, ‘O Allah’s Apostle! Let my father be sacrificed for you! On whom else shall Allah bestow His honor?’ The Prophet said, ‘No doubt, death came to him. By Allah, I too wish him good, but by Allah, I do not know what Allah will do with me though I am Allah’s Apostle. ‘ By Allah, I never attested the piety of anyone after that.” (Sahih al-Bukhari, Volume 2, Book 23, Number 334)

Question: If Muhammad did not know how to get to heaven or paradise, why would anyone want to listen to him?

2. Muhammad could not distinguish between a revelation supposedly from God and one from Satan.

The Messenger of God was eager for the welfare of his people and wished to effect a reconciliation with them in whatever way he could… Then God revealed:… “Have you thought upon al-Lat and al-Uzza and Manat, the third, the other?” when Satan cast on his tongue the two phrases “These are high-flying cranes; verily their intercession is to be desired.” …Then Gabriel came to the Messenger of God and said, “Muhammad, what have you done? You have recited to the people that which I did not bring to you from God, and you have said that which was not said to you.” … Then the Messenger of God said, “I have fabricated things against God and have imputed to Him words which He has not spoken.” (The History of al-Tabari, Vol. 6, pages 108-111)

Question: If Muhammad could not tell when Satan was giving him revelation, why should we believe anything that was revealed to him?

3. Muhammad denied that he could perform miracles.

They say: “We shall not believe in thee, until thou cause a spring to gush forth for us from the earth, Or (until) thou have a garden of date trees and vines, and cause rivers to gush forth in their midst, carrying abundant water; Or thou cause the sky to fall in pieces, as thou sayest (will happen), against us; or thou bring Allah and the angels before (us) face to face: Or thou have a house adorned with gold, or thou mount a ladder right into the skies. No, we shall not even believe in thy mounting until thou send down to us a book that we could read.” Say: “Glory to my Lord! Am I aught but a man,- an apostle? (Quran, Sura 17:90-93)

Question: If Muhammad could not peform miracles to validate his revelation, what kind of a prophet was he?

4. Muhammad made false prophecies.

When Abdullah bin Salama heard of the arrival of the Prophet (the blessing and peace of Allah be upon him) at Madina, he came to him and said: “I am asking you about three things which nobody knows but a prophet: What is the first portent of the Hour? What will be the first meal taken by the people of Paradise? Why does a child resemble its father, and why does it resemble its maternal uncle?” Allah’s Apostle (the blessing and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “Gabriel has just now told me of their answers.” . . . “The first portent of the Hour will be a fire that will bring together the people from the east to the west; the first meal of the people of Paradise will be extra-lobe of fish-liver. As for the resemblance of the child to its parents: If a man has sexual intercourse with his wife and gets discharge first, the child will resemble the father, and if the woman gets discharge first, the child will resemble her.” On that Abdullah bin Salam said: “I testify that you are the Apostle of Allah.” (Sahih al-Bukhari, volume 4, hadith 3329)

Comment: Note that this was a test to determine if Muhammad was a prophet. Muhammad failed miserably.

  • The first portent of the hour will be a fire… How is this a verifiable predictive prophecy, since the end of the earth (The Hour — of final judgement when earth will be destroyed) has not yet occurred.
  • The first meal in paradise will be an extra lobe of fish liver. Again, how is this a verifiable predictive prophecy?
  • A child looks like his mother or father depending on who gets dischage first during sexual intercourse. On this one, Muhammad got it wrong. One would think if an all-knowing god was giving Muhammad a revelation, this god would know biology. Why would anyone want to follow a man with such a wrong message?

5. Muhammad thought he may have been demon possessed.

“Woe is me, poet or possessed — Never shall the Quraysh say this of me! I will go to the top of the mountain and throw myself dowm that I may kill myself and gain rest.” (The Life of Muhammad: Sirat Rasul Allah, Muhammad ibn Ishaq, translted by Alfred Guillaume, Oxford Press, page 106)

Comment: It is recorded in other Islamic literature that Muhammad tried three times to commit suicide by jumping off a mountain. No other prophet in history thought he was demon possessed because of the revelation he received. What led Muhammad to this possible conclusion?

Conclusion

Muhammad did not seem to be much of a prophet. He could not discern when Satan was giving him revelation. He was unable to provide verifiable, specific predictive prophecy. He disavowed the ability to perform miracles as prior prophets had done. He made false prophecies. Furthermore, as the man through whom Allah chose to send a revelation, Muhammad was unsure of his final destination at death. Why would anyone place their faith in this man or his revelation?

On the other hand, the prophets of the Bible met all these criteria and more. The prophets all brought the same message: a call to a rebellious and sinful people to repent of their sin, turn back to God, and come into communion once again with a God who wants to be personal and have a relationship with His creation: you and me. Come to the God of the Bible and discover real fulfillment, peace, joy, and know where you will be in eternity.

March 6, 2012 Posted by | Christianity / God, Societal / Cultural Issues, Understanding Islam | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 6 Comments

Muslim Prostitution

An example of Allāh written in simple Arabic c...

Image via Wikipedia

Temporary Marriage

Question:
Does Islam have a loophole for sex-on-demand called ‘temporary marriage’?

Summary Answer:
It is called Nikah Mut’ah, a fixed-time arrangement between a man and a woman that dissolves once the duration expires.

The Qur’an:
Qur’an (4:24) – “And those of whom ye seek content (by marrying them), give unto them their portions as a duty. And there is no sin for you in what ye do by mutual agreement after the duty (hath been done)”

Qur’an (5:87) – “O you who believe! do not forbid (yourselves) the good things which Allah has made lawful for you and do not exceed the limits; surely Allah does not love those who exceed the limits” Surprisingly the context for this verse (which is found in Bukhari (60:139) is temporary marriage, in this case trading an article of clothing for a few days of access to a woman’s body. By calling this a “good thing,” Muhammad really stood traditional morality on its ear.

From the Hadith:

Muslim (8:3252) – Muhammad clearly allowed his men to use temporary marriage as a sanctioned form of prostitution. (To be fair, the end of the hadith also seems to suggest that the practice was later forbidden. Islamic scholars disagree as to the historical context, and whether or not it is enough to supersede verse 4:24 of the Qur’an).

Additional Notes:

Since temporary marriage is a euphemism for prostitution, the Sunnis believe that it should only be practiced in certain times (such as the lifetime of Muhammad… oddly enough). The Shias take a more liberal position and freely allow the practice.

January 15, 2012 Posted by | Understanding Islam | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 6 Comments

Comment to Islamophobia Site

I had planned to not comment because I have yet to decide if your site is part of the Islamic Apologists that seeks to deceive uneducated Muslims and non-Muslims or are sincere yet incorrect in your understanding of the true nature of Islam, an incorrect understanding that is true for the majority of Muslims.

But your comment above forced my response: “please do not spread falsehood about a religion without completely researching on it. Please read the Qura’an completely and then make an opinion about it.”

It is not just the Qu’ran that is the essence of Islam. The actions of Mohammad and sayings are equal, perhaps greater, that forms the ideology/theology of Islam. In addition, the interpretation of his teachings, Hadith, are the “official” guides to proper behavior. The best record for free can be found here: http://hadithsahihbukhari.com and is downloadable.

Sahih al-Bukhari (Arabic: صحيح البخاري‎), as it is commonly referred to, is one of the SIX canonical hadith collections of Islam. These prophetic traditions, or hadith, were collected by the Persian Muslim scholar Muhammad ibn Ismail al-Bukhari, after being transmitted orally for generations. Muslims view this as their most trusted collection of hadith and it is considered the most authentic book after the Qur’an.

Taken together, and with much study, a far different interpretation of Islam emerges than you present. There is no radical Islam. There is Islam and there is non-practicing or weak Islam that the majority practice.

I look forward to reviewing the rest of your entries, but hope you will allow correction of errors and perhaps a reform Islam will emerge that really does have as its essence much of what you write.

COMMENT POSTED IN RESPONSE TO THIS PAGE:

January 26, 2011 Posted by | Societal / Cultural Issues, Understanding Islam, World Affairs | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Wives of Mohammad

As an adult, Muhammad worked as a trader between the cities of Mecca and Damascus, and earned a great reputation in the process. Having heard of the reputation of Muhammad, Lady Khadijah, one of the noblest of the Quraysh, on one occasion commissioned him to take charge of some of her trading business between the two cities. Lady Khadijah sent one of her servants, Maysarah, along with him to keep an eye on him and report back to her. Having seen his performance in the business, and the returns he had produced as well as his honesty, Lady Khadijah put Muhammad in charge of her business. Although she had many proposals of marriage from various dignitaries of the Quraysh, Lady Khadijah declined them all. It is reported that it was Lady Khadijah who, albeit indirectly and discreetly, made the marriage proposal to Muhammad. Some historians have reported that when they married in 595CE he was 25 and she was a 40 year old widow with children.

Mohammad had many other wives after her, most captured during raids and war on pagans, Christians, and Jews. They were given to him by Allah. In total he had eleven wives.

Muslims refer to them as Mothers of the Believers (Arabic: Ummu l-Mu’minīn). Muslims use the term prominently before or after referring to them as a sign of respect. The term is derived from the Qur’anic verse 33:6.

The most famous “wife” is the six year old he married, Aisha, though reportedly didn’t have sex with until she was nine years old. Mohammad’s acts and sayings, in addition to the Qu’ran that he dictated, are the bases for all of Islam and Sharia, Islamic Law.

Sahih Bukhari Volume 7, Book 62, Number 64
“that the Prophet married her when she was six years old and he consummated his marriage when she was nine years old, and then she remained with him for nine years (i.e., till his death).

Because of the marriage to the six year old, Islam permits marriage to children and this is still practiced, especially in Saudi Arabia. This is an article on CNN on the marriage of an 8 year old to a 40 year old male upheld by Saudi Arabian court:

http://edition.cnn.com/2009/WORLD/meast/01/17/saudi.child.marriage/index.html

January 9, 2011 Posted by | Societal / Cultural Issues, Understanding Islam | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

   

%d bloggers like this: